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MLA 7th Edition

MLA 7th Edition

To arrange all the information properly means to put everything on its places. The same concerns the reference list of the paper. Each university demands special rules according to which all Academic Works have to be made.

Main Questions

Very often we faced with the rather wide spread problems – what to write in the Academic Writing and how to do it properly?

  • As to the first question, the answer is very simple. At first, you should talk with your science leader about the theme of the work, decided on the main keynotes, and make a step-by-step list. After these acts, start to collect and select information. The used information should revealed the main theme of your paper, confirm the statement, and add some new information. It has to be right and placed in the laconic way. There shouldn`t be any moot points and inaccuracies. Everything has to be clear and made in essence. To make a work more colorful and, of course to avoid plagiarism we have to use citations in our Academic Writing. Quotes or citations will help us to make our paper more vivid and not be accused of plagiarism. But it is extremely important to make all the quotes in the correct order and way. And in this case, the answer on the second question becomes popular.

With the help of the below types of different styles, you can answer on the second question. The variety of the styles amazed. Among the most popular are:

  • APA Style, Chicago Style, Harvard Style, MLA Style, IEEE Style, OSCOLA Style, and MRHA Style. But some of the styles aren`t very popular, nevertheless, they still exist: AIP Style, Oxford Style, CBE Style, ACS Style, and NLM Style. However, we would like to point some features of the MLA Style, which is one of the most wide spread and widely used one.

MLA Style – stands for the Modern Language Association. The present style is used for the Academic Writings on different themes in literature and foreign languages. The main guideline of the above style is the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Paper (MLA 7th Edition). The mentioned code of rules contains all the requirements and demands, which have to be observed in the MLA Style work.

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Special Features

In accordance to the MLA 7th Edition, certain rules have to be observed. Among them are:

  1. The title of the Academic Writing should be italics, any underlining shouldn`t be used;
  2. The reference list should be placed after the main body of the Academic Writing. The bibliography can contain books, encyclopedias, different articles, electronic resources, dictionaries, etc. But all the used elements should be placed according to the MLA Style Order. The author`s last name should come first, then his name, name of the book, publishers, year of publishing, and prink. All the above components have to be separated by commas, and in the end of the line, the full stop should be placed.
  3. The quantity of authors can be various. In the case, if there are two, three or multiple of them, all the surnames should be mentioned. One and the main thing – is the necessity to put all the bibliography into the alphabetic order. But, you shouldn`t replace the order of several authors between themselves. If there are many of them, you can write “et al.”;
  4. If in some electronic resources there is lack of information, the MLA 7th Edition provides special rules, according to which in PDF and HTML texts only paragraphs numbers and pagination should be provided;
  5. When you don`t know the author of the work, you should alphabetize everything according to the book`s title;
  6. As to the electronic resources, in spite the whole above information, it is necessary to put the name of the URL;
  7. If the page numbers are unavailable, you can write the phrase “n.pag.”.
  8. As to the in-text citation, it is made in the order of author`s surname and the pages of the source from which the information was taken. The whole citation should be placed in parentheses.

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MLA 7th Edition

How to make it in the right way?

The whole information is gathered, all the elements are checked, and everything is combined together. It looks like the perfect Academic Writing work. But you have some doubts in the correctness of your statements, in certain order of the bibliographic list and the right citations making.

If you are not sure, you should consult to the MLA 7th Edition, which is available on the web site of each university, of course, if it accepts the MLA Style of writing. And if you can`t find the necessary information or it is rather complex and hard for the understanding, you can use it from our web site. Here you can find the needed information, check you yourself, look through the various of examples. All the information is presented in the laconic way and divided into several chapters. So, go ahead! Write a nice Academic Writing work with the help of our MLA 7th Edition guideline.

APA 6th Edition

APA 6th Edition

APA 6th Edition is considered to be a code of rules, according to which the APA Style of the Academic Writing is made. Academic Writing is regarded as a special writing task, which is given for students. It can be articles, term papers, essays etc.

Different Styles

Each Academic Writing demands certain style to be written. We can point out several styles. Among them are:

  • the APA Style (the American Psychological Association) which is used for the work on social science;

  • the MLA Style which is made by the Modern Language Association for the writings on foreign language and literature;

  • the MRHA Style made by the Modern Humanities Research Association – used for the essay and dissertation writings;

  • the Chicago Style used for the academic publishes;

  • the IEEE Style which is made by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers for the works on the technology themes;

  • the Harvard Style for the scientific works;

  • the OSCOLA Style which is made by the Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities – the style used for the legal documents.

For a Sample for APA 6th Edition – Click here

APA Style Essay Samples

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Main features

All the above styles are used in certain cases. But, each of them has some peculiarities and features. Special guidelines for the Academic Work exist. However, the most wide spread is the APA Style. The present style was made by the American Psychological Association and the necessary rules are published in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The first APA guideline was published in the 1920s and consisted of seven pages. In July 2009, the Sixth Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association appeared.

The above edition was developed during four years and it is considered as the last version. APA 6th Edition is going to be the code of rules on the right citation. The citation of the text can be made by two ways – within the text and in the reference list. The in-text citation is made in special order. To make it, it is necessary to point the last name of the author or authors and the date of the book publication.

All these information should be put into the parenthesis. The list of authors should be made according to the alphabet. One or two, multiple or none authors, corporate author, and corporate author as publisher, multiple works, edited books, chapter of an edited book, dictionaries, electronic resources – these are the components of the reference list.

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APA 6th Edition

The reference list is presented at the end of the work and has a strict order. This order is rather simple: surname of author or authors of the source, from which you took the information, then year of publication, titles of publication and series, description of the work, chapter title, edition, compiler or reviser, volume number or number of volumes, place of publication, publisher, and the page numbers. Each clause of the list has some peculiarities in its use. It is necessary to remember to use commas, full stops, ellipsis marks, inverted commas, parenthesis, semicolons – as the separate marks. Certain dashes also have to be used to indicate the interruption in the sentence continuity. On the title-page of the Academic Writing the running head, the title, the author’s name and surname, the institutional affiliation, section, number of the course, and the date have to be placed.

In accordance with some special rules, which are provided by the APA Sixth Edition, we can point out several ones:

  • Punctuation. After the full stop, the double blank should be made;

  • Type. The type should be Times New Roman, 12;

  • There shouldn’t be any footnotes, only the citations, last name of the author, and the exact page of the book;

  • Titles. Titles should be centered. Plus, the running head should be placed on the first page;

  • Abstracts. The abstracts should be 0.5 inch;

  • Order of the chapters: title-page, annotation, main body of the text, tables and pictures, reference list;

  • Pages numeration is made in the left corner;

  • Keywords are the essential part of the Academic Writing;

  • Capitalization;

  • Abbreviation;

  • Citations should be made according to the APA Sixth Edition.

The APA Style 6th Edition Referencing is extremely important. It is needed to avoid plagiarism and to verify quotations. After the finishing of the academic Writing, you should check everything one more time. All citations should correspond to the APA 6th Edition. Don`t forget to mentioned quotations twice – in the main text and after it, in the reference list.

Conclusion

With the full guideline, you can become familiar on our web site or on the web site of your university.  APA Sixth Edition – is the easiest way to correspond to all requirements and demands. It is generally accepted rules for many social science departments and publications, and it is regarded as the accepted standard code.

Chicago Style Format

Chicago Style Format

To do something according to the examples and patterns is rather easy. If you have a useful guideline, why not use it? Each person tries to simplify everything. When we receive a writing task at the university, we look for the easy way how to do it as faster as we can and not apply much forces. We can get any task – an essay, a term paper, an article, etc. But no one wants to get a bad mark, that`s why we start looking for the necessary information, combine it together, and at least get a whole image of our task. Nevertheless, the last one of the main components  – the citation of the Academic Writing.

Brief Information

We use a lot of quotes in our work to underline the significance of the theme, to show our awareness in the present problem, and to draw some attention to its importance. But to make all citations in a proper way is rather hard. We have to know all the rules and requirements. Depending on the faculty of the university, on the theme which was given to you as a task, you can rely on some basic guidelines of the necessary Writing Style. Each university chooses the necessary style for the Academic Writing. There is a huge variety of them. But, we would like to mention such important Writing Style as the Chicago Style.

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The Common Use of Chicago Style

Chicago Style – is a typographic style, which is used rather often for the citation making by the academic publishers. Chicago Style is guided by the Chicago Style Writing Manual, by the latest sixth edition. In accordance with the Chicago Style, the citation should be made in two different ways – in the main body of the work and in the bibliography. If you used all the sources of the material in the main body and make citations in the reference list, you have to make only short notes. All the pages of your Academic Writing have to be numbered. Titles of the books, names of the articles, and journals should me written in the italics style in the main body of the work. The title page of the paper should consist of the author`s name, title and the date. Any running head should be used. In many other acceptable styles the capitalization of the words shouldn`t be made. But, according to the Chicago Style Format all the significant names and words have to be capitalized. The quantity of words in the Chicago Style doesn`t play much role. The long citations should be placed in single-spaced, intended blocks of the text.

The Bibliography

  1. Another way of citation is bibliography. The bibliography should be made in accordance with the strict order: author`s surname, name of the document, place of publishing, and the year.

  2. All the above information have to be presented in the alphabetic order. The definite and indefinite articles, like “the”, “a”, “an” – should be omitted in the bibliographical list.

  3. Do not forget to provide the complete information about the used source. In the case, if there is no author, start your list from the name of the material.

  4. Punctuation is extremely important. Commas serve as the separate marks between the elements. Do not forget to put them. Between entries the double space should be put, and the single one should be put from each entry.

  5. The quantity of the authors of the book can be various. There can be only one author, two or multiple of them. In some case, you can use different works of the same author.

  6. But, in the bibliography you shouldn`t repeat his surname several times. All you need – is just to put 3-em dash followed by the full stop.

  7. If the translators, editors or compilers are mentioned in the book, it is not necessary to write down their positions in the full way.

  8. You can use special abbreviations, which will help you to economize some space:  trans.- stands for the translator, comp.- stands for the compiler, ed.\ eds – stands for the editor or editors.

  9. The sources of the used materials can be different: books, books chapters, articles, encyclopedias, dictionaries, magazines, newspapers, thesis, dissertations, films, web sites, blogs, e-mail correspondence. All the above elements should be presented in the proper way, according to the major rules of the Chicago Style Format.

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Chicago Style Format

Additional Help

Make a right bibliography according to the Chicago Style Format guideline. Correspond to all demands and requirements of your university. And do not forget, if you have some doubts about the use of the certain word or word-combination, just consult to the Webster`s Third International Dictionary or to the Merriam-Webster`s Collegiate Dictionary, which are allowed to be used. Be sure about all trifles and details. Let your work corresponds to the standards. You can become familiar with all rules and peculiarities of the Chicago Style Format in the Internet. But we can propose you to use the necessary information from our web site. Full, needed, correct, and extremely useful.

Harvard Essay Format

Harvard Essay Format

Harvard Style is one of the ways to make some proper citations in the Academic Writings. A lot researches were made, and as the result – Harvard Style is one of the most popular styles used for the academic publications.

One of the Writing Approaches

The Harvard Style is guided by the Harvard Style Writing Manual – a kind of guideline for making the right citations. The use of citations makes the essay more colorful and vivid, it shows the audience that the author is familiar with the theme, he knows the whole provided information, he can use his own thoughts, and in the same time he can use other quotes to confirm the statements which are in his work. The right made citation helps to avoid plagiarism in different works. But, to provide references in a proper way is very hard.

Click here for Harvard 4th Edition Guide and Sample

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Harvard Style knowledge

  1. Students have to know all general rules of the Harvard Essay Format. But the main ones, which diverse Harvard Style from other styles, are the absence of footnotes, and the presence of author`s surname, year of publication and page after each citation in the main body of the text.

  2. But, in the reference list the whole information of the source have to be presented according to the strict order. The reference list or bibliography has to be made in accordance with the alphabet.

  3. The author`s surname comes first, then his initials, year of publication, title of the book, edition, place of publication, publisher. Books with only one author, with two or multiple authors, books that are edited, chapters of edited books, multiple works by the same author, translated books, e-books and pdfs, journal articles and newspapers, journal abstracts, all the above sources have to be made according to the strict order.

  4. The punctuation is extremely important. Don`t forget that commas serve as the separate marks of the elements.

  5. There shouldn`t be any full stops or spaces between the initials of the author.

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Harvard Essay Format

In-Text Citation

The in-text citation is made by mention the author`s last name and the year of publishing.

  1. In the case, if the author is mentioned in the main body, his surname shouldn`t be doubled, only the publication date should be put.

  2. As to the information, taken from the web sites, the date of article`s publication, its author, and the URL have to be placed in the list.

  3. Some other materials can be placed into your Harvard Essay Format. Among them are: Acts of Parliament, Statutory Instruments, Law Reports, Annual Reports, Official Publications such as Command Papers, Archive Materials, References from the dictionaries, British Standards and International Standards, Religious Texts, Patent, Press Release, Conference Reports and Papers, Interviews, Reports by organizations, quotations from written plays, dissertations and theses, course materials and lecture notes, EU documents.

  4. The whole range of additional material amazes. You can choose whether you like. But at first it is necessary to study all the citation rules, make everything in the appropriate form, and only after all these steps finish your Harvard Essay Format.

  5. If one or several of your resources haven`t got a certain date of publication, you can find out and put the approximate date. Nevertheless, the information should be checked. In some cases, you can have no information about the author of the book or article, date of publication or another missing information. So, you have to point it with special marks: Anon – author anonymous or not identifiable, n.d. – no date, s.l. – no place of publication, s.n. – no named publisher.

Other important rules of Harvard Essay Format exist:

Use the minimal quantity of the capitalized letters in the names of the books, articles, etc.;

  • Use italics for the book`s and article`s titles;

  • The page numbers should be placed at the end of the line, before them there is a comma and after them there should be a full stop;

  • For one page mention the letter “p.” is used, for the several ones – the “pp.”;

  • Separate details of the reference list should have comma. At the end of the list the full stop should be placed;

  • Works of the same author are mentioned in the reference list first, but according to the alphabetic order.

The Importance of following the Format

This is going to be one of the most prominent distinguishing features of the Harvard Style. It is very important to know the guideline of the Harvard Essay Format. The knowledge in the present field will help you to achieve good results in your Academic Writing and to make less mistakes. Surprise everyone. Make a perfect essay. Study carefully the main rules and try to remember them, because you will need this information not only during your university studying, but even after the graduation. If you can`t find the necessary information about the Harvard Essay Format on the web site of your university, you can become familiar with it on our web site. Harvard Essay Format – is your ticket to achieve good results.

APA Format Citation

APA Format Citation

APA Style is considered to be one of the most wide spread styles of the Academic Writing.  APA stands for the American Psychological Association. The APA Format is guided by the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The above code of rules is spread on the Academic Writings of social science and humanities. To avoid plagiarism, the citations and references were uncalculated. But, it is necessary to draw attention on some special rules of the citation making according to the APA Style.

Common Use

The presented information can be introduced in the text in two ways – within the text in the main body and after the paper in the referential list. To make everything in the proper way, it is necessary to follow some certain rules. At first, make a list of the whole resources which were used in your work. Then, put them in the alphabetical order by the author`s surname, follow all the below guideline, check everything several times, and make a right referential list after the whole text of the work.

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APA Style Essay Samples

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Citation

  • Reference list should be made in accordance to the special rules of the APA Style. The algorithm of your acts is rather simple.

  • First of all, write down the surname of author or authors of the source, from which you took the information, then year of publication, titles of publication and series, description of the work, chapter title, edition, compiler or reviser, volume number or number of volumes, place of publication, publisher, and the page numbers.

  • Don`t forget about the separate signs, like commas and full stops. Some elements will require ellipsis marks and parentheses.

  • The used materials can have one or multiple authors, any of authors or multiple works or chapters of the book. All the above rules of making the reference list, it`s peculiarities you can find on our web site.

  • The reference list can consist from the books, articles, encyclopedias, dictionaries, and many other resources. All elements have to be presented in accordance with the certain guideline. For example, the material from the electronic resource should contain the date, when the information was taken as well as its location – the URL (its web address), and DIO (Digital Object Identifier) or the database name. While using the DIO, no other retrieval information is needed.

  • Do not use a period after the URL. The whole electronic information should be composed in special order:  author or authors, year of publication, titles of article, series, and publication, description of the work, chapter title, edition, reviser, compiler or translator, ebook reader, volume number or number of volumes, issue and page numbers, DOI, retrieval date, database name, URL.

  • The in-text citation should composed from the surname of the author or authors and the date, while the reference list should have all the above components in the strict order.

If the quotation in the text consists from less than forty elements, it should be taken into double quotation marks, after which the name of the source and the page number should be placed. Citation of the author, which you have already used, is called the secondary source. In the text, it also needs to mentioned the name of the document and the page. Some legal materials also demand certain rules for the in-text citation and the reference list. Among them are Bills, Cases, Acts of Parliament, and Regulations. With all the required information, you can become familiar on our web site.

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APA Format Citation

More about APA Citation

So, as a result we can summarize all the above information together. The APA Format Citation can be within the text and in the reference list. Citations in the text needs the author-date method. Write down the surname of the author and the date of his work publication. But:

  1. Do not forget about certain cases of the quotation marks use (they are presented above);

  2. Do not forget that the quantity of authors can be various (special rules and types are also presented above);

  3. Do not forget about punctuation.

  4. Reference list also has some special rules of making:

  5. Do not forget about certain rules of electronic resources making;

  6. Do not forget to mention the whole list of components in the strict order;

  7. Do not forget about main peculiarities of different resources making (books, articles, dictionaries, encyclopedias etc.);

  8. Do not forget that the reference list begins on a new page;

  9. Do not forget that the heading is centered.

Make sure that everything is made in a proper way and correspond to the APA Style Format Citation. All the requirements of the APA Format Citation have to be met in your Academic Work. Draw a huge attention to the punctuation: semicolons, commas, full stops, parentheses, certain dashes, inverted commas, and ellipsis marks. You can look through all the necessary information and the present APA Style guideline on our web site. Make some notes, study all the rules carefully, and you will achieve good results.

APA Format Example

APA Format Example

During study at the university, a huge attention is paid to the Academic Writing. Academic Writing includes essays, term papers, articles etc. Each student should know general rules of the Academic Writing making.

Academic Writing

The quotations or citations have to be made in a proper way, according to the English grammar and it has to correspond to the necessary standards. Any faculty of the university demands some rules and styles of the Academic Writing. A huge variety of styles exists. Among them is Chicago Style, which is used by the academic publishers. Harvard Style is used for the scientific publications.

  1. APA Style (made by the American Psychological Association) is used for the humanities and social sciences. IEEE Style (made by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) is used for the technics publications. MLA Style (formed by the Modern Language Association) is assigned for the academic letters of foreign languages and literature.

  2. MRHA Style (created by the Modern Humanities Research Association) is used for writing the academic essays and dissertations. It is necessary to point out some more styles, which are also used for the Academic Writings. If you decided to write some legal documents, you will use OSCOLA Style (the Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities). As we can see, every single Academic Writing demands some rules and special style to write it. That`s why students have to be familiar with the certain guidelines, which are presented on every web site of the university and correspond to the needed requirements.

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APA Style Essay Samples

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APA Writing Style

Nevertheless, it is necessary to draw attention to one of the most popular styles – APA Style. APA Style was created by the American Psychological Association according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. This handout serves as the comprehensive guide for the students on the general rules of the Academic Writing. The above style was made for prevention of the plagiarism in the student`s works as well as to make their text more vivid and colorful. The citation can be made in two ways – in the text after the quotes and after the text in the reference list.

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APA Format Example

Main peculiarities of the APA Format Example

Some basic principles and features of the paper formatting are applied to the APA Style. At first, the running head and the title should be mentioned in the work. Then, formatting the author name and the institutional affiliation, section, number of the course, and the date. All the above information should be placed on the separate page and started from the abstracts. One of the main component is keywords of the Academic Writing. Students shouldn`t forget to put them in. The introduction part of the work as well as the main text should have citations, which must be made in a proper way, according to the APA Style. APA uses the author-date method of citation. All list of the references should be made in alphabetic order. Surname of the author should come first, then year of publication, title of publication, title of series, description of the work, chapter title, edition, editor, illustrator, translator, volume number or number of volume, place of publication, publisher, and page numbers. The sources of the work can be different, starting from the book, articles, dictionaries, and ending by the dissertations, and electronic resources. The quantity of the authors also can change. There can be only one author, several ones or any. The absence of information about the city or year of the publication can appear. In accordance with such cases special rules of the reference list and citation making exist. You can become familiar with all necessary information and the above guideline on our web site.

APA Format Example

APA Format Example applies for the appropriate and correct tense of the Academic Writing, continuity in the material presentation. The great attention should be paid to the word capitalization. Student have to become familiar with some general rules of using the capital letters. In some cases the semicolons, quotation marks, inverted commas, parentheses, commas, and ellipsis marks indicating the omitted words, should be used.

  • Special dashes are used to indicate an interruption in the continuity of the sentence. In the text of the Academic Work, according to the APA Style Format Example, the abbreviations and tables should be mentioned. In the case , if the quotation is longer than forty words, it is set off from the text without any quotation marks. But, if it has less than forty ones, it should be made in accordance to the guideline of the APA Style Format Example.

Conclusion

So, if you decided to compose the perfect Academic Writing, you should use APA Format Example. With some general rules and main guideline, you can become familiar on our web site. A lot of examples, exceptions, and description are presented below.

APA Style Bibliography

APA Style Bibliography

Almost each university applies for the necessity of the general rules for the academic works writing styles. The basic style of writing can have not only the university, but also the faculty.

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Variety of Writing Styles

Some faculties have their own needed style. For the social sciences the APA Style ( the American Psychological association) is used, for the academic publishers the Chicago Style is used, the IEEE Style (the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) is often used for the studies of the mechanical engineering and technology, the Harvard or author-date style – is used for the scientific publications, the MLA Style (Modern Language Association) is used for the academic letters of literature and foreign languages, the OSCOLA Style (The Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities) – the style used for the legal documents,  MRHA Style (Modern Humanities Research Association) – the style which is used for the essay and dissertation writings.

So, each faculty has its own style of academic writing. But every student has to know some general rules of the work making. On every web site of the university, there is some necessary information, which will help students. The needed guideline of the above data is presented in the laconic way and in accordance with the requirements of the needed style.

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APA Style Essay Samples

General information

  1. APA Style – is one of the often used style of the academic works. APA Style is considered as the certain style of the academic works approved by the American Psychological Association. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is a special document according to which main rules of the writings are used. Many foreign universities demand the proper style of writing. However, the most popular and the widest spread is APA Style. The present style is used for the materials of the social science and humanities.

  2. To write a nice academic work isn`t an easy thing. It needs a lot of time and forces. To find necessary information, to compose everything together according to the logic, to put everything in the proper order – all these are the components of the work success. The structure of the academic letter is rather simple: the title page, annotation, the main body, citations, and references. But to make everything in order and in a right way needs some knowledge in the rules of the APA Style.

  3. APA Style Bibliography plays one of the key roles in the text composition. The list of references, which are presented at the end of the text, is called Bibliography. According the APA Style, Bibliography should be made arranged by the surnames of the authors in the alphabetically way. The order of the bibliography should be made in accordance with the strict order: author or authors, year of publication, title of publication, title of series, description of the work, chapter title, edition, editor, illustrator, translator, volume number or number of volume, place of publication, publisher, and page numbers. The surname of the author should come first.

  4. The elements should be divided by commas, full stops and colons. The used sources can be books, articles, electronic pages, blogs, dictionaries, annual reports, brochures, conference proceedings, catalogue, legal materials, and many more. All the above sources have some rules of the needed way of bibliography making. The number of authors also is very important.

  5. There can be a single author, two authors, multiple authors, multiple works, and multiple works by the same author, multiple works published in the same year by the same author, chapter of the edited book, encyclopedia with a large editorial board, no author, no city or even no date.  Each of the above elements has some peculiarities and features of the bibliography composing. That`s why is it very important to become familiar of the main rules of the APA Style Bibliography.

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APA Style Bibliography

Our Expert Recommendations

After finishing the academic work, you have to check everything one more time. All the requirements should be made in a proper way. The references should be used twice in the reference list and in the main text. Then, check the author`s surname, it has to be written without any mistakes; check the publishers, quantity of  the pages, and look through the whole material one more time.

Be sure that everything is perfect. Don`t forget that each element of the bibliography has it`s own making rules. And APA Style Bibliography is a confirmation of this statement. Pay attention that some elements also require some parentheses. The author`s first name has to be abbreviated and it should be replaced if needed. All the necessary examples and the step by step instructions you can find on our web site. Look through it and write an academic work with the ideal APA Style Bibliography.

APA Style Citation

APA Style Citation

Citation – is one of the ways how to make a nice essay, assignment, or any academic work using references and quotes. Citation can be made using some additional information from different books, articles, dictionaries, electronic resources, articles, dissertations and many other sources. Using of quotes make the text of the assignment more colorful.

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APA Style Essay Samples

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General Information

The author of the work should use proper quotes, which will confirm his statement or answer on the question of the work. But there are some rules of using the needed quotes. The main one is it`s necessity, accuracy, and logicality. The logical connection between the part of your work and the citation should exist. The next step is formation of the citation. Colleges and universities have its own rules and requirements of the citation making. Such guidelines are presented on each web site of the university.

  • Every person who is going or wants to write an academic work can become familiar with the above information. The data are considered to be very important.

  • The citation making in the text, after the text, citation of different sources should be made according to the present grammar rules and the adopted standards of the English- speaking countries.

  • Any work with citations should be made according to the special rules and style. Several special styles of the scientific works exist. Among them are: APA – American Psychological Association, IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Chicago Style, MLA – Modern Language Association, Vancouver – or numeric or footnote-endnote Style,  Harvard or author-date Style, MRHA – Modern Humanities Research Association, OSCOLA – The Oxford Standard for Citation Of  Legal Authorities.

  • But it is necessary to point out other styles of writing the academic works: Oxford style or documentary-note style, NLM National Library of Medicine or AMA: American Medical Association, CBE Council of Biology Editors, AIP American Institute of Physics, ACS American Chemical Society and Turabian, based on Chicago style.

The above styles aren`t very popular in their use, but it is necessary to know them.

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APA Style Citation

The most popular writing formats

As it was said each university has it`s own guideline and style of writing the academics works. Nevertheless, the most popular and the most often used is the APA Style. The present style (the American Psychological Association) is used for making citations, tables, types, footnotes, and the article`s structure according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

  • The APA Style can be used for essays and works on psychological or other humanities themes. Each student has to know several basic rules according to which his work should be made.

  • The structure of the academic work is composed from the four major sections: the title page, annotation, the text itself (main body), citations, and references.

  • The part of the citation is extremely important. APA style uses Harvard referencing within the text, listing the author’s name and year of publication, keyed to an alphabetical list of sources at the end of the paper on a references page. According to the type of the source, from which the material was taken, special rules of their formatting exist.

  • The data can be taken from the books, articles, dictionaries, dissertations, web pages, electronic resources and many more. The APA Style Citations be direct and paraphrased. The direct citation is made in the text word by word, and according to the citation rules of the APA Style, it should include the name of the source, the year of the publication, and the exact page.

  • The citation can be made in the text and after it. If you want to make to cite or make references from some legal materials you also should correspond to the necessary rules of the APA Style Citation. The use of citations is necessary to verify quotations, to avoid plagiarism, and to make the academic work more colorful and better.

Applicable General Rules

So, if you decided to make a perfect academic work you should follow all the rules and requirements of the APA Style Citation. In this case, you will get a great mark and achieve good results. You can get more necessary information on our web site. On our electronic page you can look through all the rules, make some notes, see the necessary examples of the text formatting, and make your citations in the proper way.

  • APA Style Citation should be made according to the strict order: author or authors, year or title of publication, title of series, description of the work, chapter title, edition, editor, translator, volume number, place of publication, publisher, and pages. To separates the elements, commas, full stops and colons should be used.

Conclusion

All the references and citation information should be made according to the guideline, which is presented on our web site. In addition, it is necessary to point out book examples. The sources can have one, two or multiple authors, corporate authors, multiple works, edited books, chapters, no author, no date, and no city. With all the above information of the APA Style Citation you can become familiar on our web site.

MLA Style Essay

MLA Style Essay

You were given a task to make an essay. But the problem is that you even don`t know from what to start with. A lot of thoughts occupy you, and you think about the refuse. You know, that if you decided to compose an Academic Writing, you will need a lot of time and forces.

What is the first step?

To make a good work is rather hard. Nevertheless, in the case if you have to do this you should know several important rules. At first, you have to get to know the necessary style of writing. Each university follows the certain rules. Depending on the faculty, the special style of Academic Writing is used. Here are some of them:

  • Vancouver or numeric or footnote-endnote Style;
  • OSCOLA Style (the Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities);
  • MRHA Style (Modern Humanities Research Association);
  • Harvard or author-date Style;
  • IEEE Style (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers);
  • MLA Style (Modern Language Association);
  • APA Style (American Psychological Association);
  • Chicago Style.

Every name of the list “speaks” for its purpose and aim. But, one of the most wide spread is the MLA Style, which is used in humanities. Before starting the Academic Writing, students have to become familiar with the requirements and certain rules of the above Style. It is characterized by certain features and peculiarities. That`s why it should be study carefully.Studentin arbeitet am Schreibtisch 11, phantasieren

Main requirements

The MLA Style is a style made by the Modern Language Association. Special rules of citation you can find in the present guideline. The above-mentioned style is used to avoid plagiarism in different works and writings. Any essay can`t stand without citations. The main sources of the rules, details, standards, and the examples of the right citing, you can find in the MLA Style Manual and MLA Handbook. But also it is possible to study some main notes of the MLA Style on our web site.

To make an essay in MLA Style according to our advices is very easy. First of all you should pick up the necessary theme of the essay, find the information, compose everything together, and only after all these steps start to put everything in the correct order. MLA Style Essay should be made according to the guideline. The reference list should be placed at the end of the work, on a separate page.

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MLA Style Essay

Basic Writing Essentials

  • All sources from which the material was taken should be alphabetized in accordance with the author`s last name.

  • Any quotation marks should be used. But it is necessary to remember about the punctuation.

  • Commas are used to separate the parts of the reference list information. The sources of material can verify.

  • Books, articles, dissertations, and electronic texts are regarded as the sources. The book can have one, two or multiple authors. And it is necessary to point all of them in the alphabetic order.

  • No author given, an organization or institution as “author”, a translation, an editor or complier, a work in a series, a work in a several volumes, an addition of the author`s work, conference proceedings – all these data should be mentioned in the reference list according to the strict order: surname of the author, name of the book, publishers, year of publishing, print.

  • In the case if a review, some periodical, newspaper, magazine articles, a work in the collection or anthology, articles from the encyclopedia or reference books, paper published as part of the proceedings of a conference are used in the essay, the whole information has to be written (surnames, names of the works, publishers, year of publishing, print).

  • As to the dissertations, published, unpublished or some abstracts from them, they should be made in the same way as books and articles.

  • Electronic resources can be of different variants: websites, eBooks, and journal articles from library database, journal articles from web, scholarly projects, and poems.

  • All these information should be presented in the proper way, in a strict order as the above mentioned sources, but it is obligatory to mention the date when the information was taken, and a name of the web site.

Generally, you can mark out titles of the books and journals using the italics type, but some teachers require to use the underlining instead of the above way. So, make everything in a proper way and get a good mark.

Conclusion

If it is necessary in your university or on your faculty to use MLA Style Essay, you have to become familiar with all necessary information and study it carefully. It is very important to make the reference list according to the MLA Style Manual or MLA Handbook. The whole rules of the MLA Style are collected in these editions. Look through all of them, make some notes, and you will get a good mark for your essay. But, if you don`t want to surf the internet and look for the whole information, just visit our web site. Here you can find all needed information without a huge amount of energy to spend.

APA Style Essay

APA Style Essay

When a person decides to learn English language, he knows that it is going to be hard. English – is one of the most wide spread languages in the world. This language is one of the sixth languages of Organization of the United Nations. English – is going to be one of the main languages of the international collaboration, business, and trade. To know English perfectly needs a lot of time and forces. If the person wants to know it and he is ready to do it that means that he will be able to achieve good results.

A lot of people dreams to study abroad. Many of them want to get education in universities or institutes, to improve their language skills, and to make their English better. There are a lot of very important components in study of English language. English grammar is very hard. It will take a huge amount of time to speak English perfectly, but it will take more time to write in English without mistakes.

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APA Style Essay Samples

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Determining APA Style Essay

One of the main skills for students – is ability to write essays or academic papers properly.  Definition of the term “essay” is rather simple. Essay is considered to be a literary composition written on a certain theme or subject, and including the author’s thoughts. The peculiarities of the essay are the presence of the certain theme or question, which is going to be analyzed as well as individual points of view with the further confirmation. Each student has to be able to write essays on different themes.

  • Essay – is one of the academic works manners.

  • Essay on social themes are differed from the essays on the humanities, and literary works.

  • There are a lot of special peculiarities and features how to write a good essay.

  • The special guideline on how to make and compose an appropriate essay exists.

  • The theme choosing, composition of the headline, searching for the information, composition of the necessary information together, quotations and references introductions, appearance of the whole text – all these are the rules of the above guideline.

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APA Style Essay

The essential writing guideline

Each university has its own web-site, on which any person can become familiar with the necessary information. On such web sites, you also can find the essay guidelines on special clauses. The needed recommendations on writing the academic works are presented and described there.

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Any person can study carefully the above information and use it in his further works. Recommendations about the rules of proper writing, descriptions of the main writing peculiarities, and instructions on how exactly to make citations – this is the context of the essay guideline. Almost every university has its own rules how to make references and citations. But the rules division is not the all.

Each faculty also has special rules. As it was said above, depending on the study direction, the writing demands are other. Special style division exists. According to the university, the certain writing style is needed. A variety of different writing styles is rather huge.

Among them we can point out: APA Style – American Psychological Association, MLA – Modern Language Association,  Chicago Style, IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, MRHA –  Modern Humanities Research Association, Harvard or author-date Style, OSCOLA – The Oxford Standard for Citation Of Legal Authorities, Vancouver or numeric or footnote-endnote Style and many more. The variety of different writing styles amaze. But it is necessary to point that the most widespread and the most popular is the APA Style.

APA Style Essay

APA Style is the most commonly used style for the essay composing.  APA Style was made by the American Psychological Association. The format on writing academic works is specified in The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. The present document contains certain rules and guidelines on how exactly to make the academic works. Special rules on citations and references are presented in the above material. Such rules apply to all types of academic works, especially including the essays.

Conclusion

It is necessary to point some requirements to the APA Style Essays. The needed formats, samples, rules and structure – all these you can find on our web site, become familiar with the information and write the proper essay with the APA Style. First of all, make a list of references. Then, put them all in order according to the APA Style Essay requirements: one or two authors, multiple authors, corporate author and multiple works, multiple works by the same author, multiple works published in the same year by the same author, edited book, chapter of the edited book, dictionary of encyclopedia with a large editorial board. There are some special rules how to compose and make some materials, where there is no author, no date or no city, journal, newspaper or magazine articles, electronic information . All these information you can find on our web site and compose a perfect Essay according to the APA Style.